Odisha Rasgulla Gets GI Tag
Geographical Indication (Geographical Indicator) GI Tag
Slogan: - Invaluable Treasures of Incredible India
Why in discussion?
Recently, Odisha has received the much awaited Geographical Indication (GI) tag for its 'Rasgulla'. This certificate will be valid till 22 February 2028. Significantly, the GI tag recognizes the specificity of an object in a particular area or locality.
It should be noted that since 2015, there has been a dispute between Odisha and West Bengal over the origin of Rasgulla. West Bengal received GI tag for its 'Rasgulla' in the year 2017.
Note: - In Odisha, 'Rasgulla' has been a part of the age-old traditions of the state played for Lord Jagannath and it is also mentioned in the 15th century Oriya poetry 'Dandi Ramayana'.
Meaning / Definition: -
Agriculture is from Natural or Artificial Product in a certain geographical area.
GI Tag is used for products that have a specific geographical area of origin.
Internationally GI regulation is governed by the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement on the TRIPS trade aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.
TRIPS: Trage-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
Being a member of the India WTO, the 'Geographical Indication of Goods' (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 is done under the Geographical Indications of Goods 'Registration & Protection' Act, 1999, which came into force from 15 September 2003.
Note: 'Dareeling Tea' is the first Indian product to receive GI Tag in the year 2004.
Note: GI Tag registration is valid for 10 years.
1. Kakadnath Rooster: - It is basically rooster of Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh. This rooster is known for its taste and healthy qualities. It is the only black meat chicken in India.
Note: Its meat has a lower level of Cholesterol (cholesterol) than white chicken and has higher Amino Acid levels.
2. "Shahi Litchi" of Bihar: - It is produced in Muzaffarpur, East Champaran, Vaishali, Samastipur and Begusarai districts.
Note: Bihar produces 40% of the total litchi in the country.
Earlier: - Shear Rice, Zardalu Mango and Magahi Paan have got GI Tag.
3. Alphonso mangoes of Konkan: - Found in Ratnagiri, Indus Durg, Palghar, Thane and Raigad districts of Maharashtra.
Note: Alphonso mango is considered the king of fruits. In Maharashtra, it is also known by the name 'Hapus'.
4.Kandhamal Haldi Odisa: - It is produced in a traditional way by the Kandhamal tribe.
5. Silav Khaja Cuisine: - is a dessert of Bihar.
It started with the eastern districts of Uttar Pradesh and the western districts of Bihar.
It is made from wheat flour, maida, sugar and cardamom etc.
6.Sirsi Supari (Sirsi betel nut): - Sirsi betel nut produced in North Kannada, Karnataka got GI Tag.
Note: For the first time a betel nut has been given GI Tag.
This betel nut is produced in Yelapura, Siddapur and Sirsi.
It is circular and flat like a coin, which is not found in any other betel nut.
7. Marayur Jaggery: - is prepared by traditional method for centuries in Idukki district of Kerala state.
8. Erode Turmeric: - Tamilnadu State
GI tag is found in turmeric produced in Iroid district (old name Perrier) in the southwestern part of Tamil Nadu.
9. Thirubhuvanam Resham Saree: - Tamilnadu State
The saris here are traditional saris made and worn with elaborate designs using pure zari threads.
10. Five varieties of coffee: -
1. Coorg Arabica Coffee (Karnataka)
2. Babubudangiris Arabica Coffee (Karnataka)
3. Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee (Karnataka)
4. Araku Valley Arabica Coffee (AP & OD)
5. Wayanad Robusta Coffee (Kerala)
Note: - Coffee in India is cultivated by 3.66 lakh coffee farmers in about 4.54 lakh hectares. 98% of which is produced by small farmers.
Major coffee producing states: -
Karnataka = 54%
Kerala = 19%
AP & OD = 17.2%
Tamil Nadu = 8%
North-East States = 1.8%gi